Sunday, December 26, 2010
Answer: The concept of a Pre-Adamic race is the idea that God created a race of humans who lived on the Earth before He created Adam, the first man. This hypothesis has been promoted by various scholars at various times throughout history. Roman Emperor Julian the Apostate (circa 331–363 AD) and Calvinist Theologian Isaac de La Peyrère (1596-1676) are two notable examples.
We will look at two popular facets of the Preadamite Hypothesis: the hypothesis as it was proposed by Isaac de La Peyrère, and the form which it takes in the “Gap Theory” (also known as the Ruin-Reconstruction interpretation). According to La Peyrère, God created the Gentiles on the sixth day when He said, “Let us make man in our image” (Genesis 1:26). He did not create the Jews until after the seventh day, His day of rest. At some point after the seventh day, God created Adam, the father of the Jews.
La Peyrère cited Scripture to support his hypothesis. Cain’s fear of being lynched, his marriage to an unknown woman and the fact that he founded a city (Genesis 4:14-17) are all interpreted as evidence that another race of men coexisted with Adam and his family.
La Peyrère subsequently reinterpreted other passages of Scripture in light of his peculiar understanding of the Genesis account. Consider a very familiar passage, Romans 5:12-14: “Therefore, just as through one man sin entered into the world, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men, because all sinned—for until the Law sin was in the world, but sin is not imputed when there is no law. Nevertheless death reigned from Adam until Moses, even over those who had not sinned in the likeness of the offense of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come.”
This passage is traditionally interpreted as meaning that death began with Adam’s sin and reigned unchecked among men (even among those who haven’t actually eaten the forbidden fruit, those who have sinned but not “in the likeness of the offense of Adam”) until the Law was given to Moses. La Peyrère interpreted this passage another way. According to La Peyrère, the Pre-Adamic Gentiles sinned against God, but in a manner less egregious than Adam (which is why Adam’s sin brought death while theirs didn’t). They merely sinned against God’s moral will, while Adam sinned against His Law. Adam disobeyed God’s prohibition by eating the forbidden fruit. He broke what La Peyrère called the Law of Paradise. Thus, according to La Peyrère, the Pre-Adamic Gentiles were those who “had not sinned in the likeness of the offense of Adam.”
By now it’s obvious how misinterpreting one or two passages of Scripture can lead to all kinds of warped perceptions. The Scriptural problems with La Peyrère’s interpretations are numerous.
First, Adam is called the “first man” (1 Corinthians 15:45). This is inconsistent with the idea that God created men before Adam. Second, according to La Peyrère the Gentiles were to live outside of the Garden of Eden while Adam enjoyed paradise (a privilege which came with the responsibility of obeying the Law of Paradise—not eating the forbidden fruit). Genesis 2:5-8, however, says quite plainly that before God created “the man whom He had formed,” the very same man which He placed in the garden, there were no men upon the Earth to cultivate the ground. Third, God created Eve for Adam because he was alone, there was no one else like him around (“It is not good for the man to be alone… but for Adam there was not found a helper suitable for him” Genesis 2:18, 20). Fourth, Adam named his wife Eve “because she was the mother of all the living” (Genesis 3:20). The list goes on but these passages should suffice to refute La Peyrère’s misinterpretation.
As for Cain’s fear of being lynched, his marriage to an unknown woman and the fact that he founded a city (Genesis 4:14-17), Adam was almost 130 years old by the time that Cain killed Abel (Adam had Seth, his next son after Abel’s death, at about 130; Genesis 4:25; 5:3). And we know that Adam had sons and daughters (Genesis 5:3). At 130 he could have had grandkids and great-grandkids by the time that Cain killed Abel. Cain had plenty of family members to be afraid of after killing his brother.
He apparently married a family member (a necessity back then) at some point before Abel’s murder. It seems odd to us today but incest wasn’t outlawed by God until the Law of Moses. It may have been around that time that generations of degenerative genetic mutations began to take a toll on our DNA. God outlawed incest for our protection. It became (and remains) dangerous for close relatives to procreate because of shared genetic defects which become expressed in their children causing severe deformities and other problems.
As for Cain founding a city, if he lived to be the average age back then, he probably lived to be about 900 years old. By the time he died his family would have been a small city. If Cain had a child at the age of 30, and his child had a child at the age of 30 and so on, Cain could have produced 30 generations by the time he died (30 generations times 30 years each equals 900 years).
The Ruin-Reconstruction interpretation takes a somewhat different approach to the Pre-Adamic race theory. According to the Gap Theory, an unspecified amount of time passed between Genesis 1:1 and 1:2, during which God created a Pre-Adamic race of men who lived upon the Earth until God destroyed them in judgment. Other extinct creatures, like the dinosaurs for example, are said to have also lived during this time. Afterwards, the theory goes, God remodeled the Earth in six days. He created Adam on the sixth day and the rest is history. Some say that Satan’s fall occurred at some point during the ambiguous gap.
A “mistranslation” has contributed to the case for this misinterpretation. In the King James Version of the Bible, God says to Adam, “Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth.” Proponents of this view emphasize the word “replenish.” They interpret the text as saying that Adam and Eve were to refill the Earth. They were to fill it again. The problem with this view is that, regardless of what it says in English translations, the Hebrew word is male’ and it simply means to fill or to be full. Moreover, the English translators of the King James Version knew the word means to fill. They chose “replenish” because in 17th century Elizabethan English “replenish” meant “to fill” (similar to how in modern English the word “replete” doesn’t mean to “abound again,” it simply means “abundant” or “abounding”). Language is not static, but dynamic. Words change meaning over time. Today “replenish” means “to fill again.” It didn’t mean the same thing in 17th century England. Nearly all modern translations translate male’ as simply “fill” in the passage in question (Genesis 1:28).
Proponents of this view respond by pointing that God said to Noah after the flood, “Be fruitful and multiply, and fill [male’] the earth” (Genesis 9:1). It is evident that Noah was meant to refill the Earth after the flood. Can’t we then interpret the same command to Adam to mean the exact same thing—that Adam was to repopulate the Earth after God’s judgment? The fact is that regardless what the condition of the planet was before Noah’s flood, God didn’t tell Noah to “refill” the Earth. He simply said to fill it. God chose the words He chose and no others. If He said “refill” that would have been something, but since He just said “fill” that argument falls flat.
The real problem with the Gap Theory is that it places human mortality (Pre-Adamic human mortality) before Adam’s sin. The Bible is quite clear that death entered in through Adam’s sin. “For since by a man came death, by a man also came the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ all will be made alive” (1 Corinthians 15:21-22). Regardless of whether or not we believe in animal mortality before sin, the Bible is quite explicit about human mortality before Adam’s sin. There wasn’t any. To deny this is to deny a central Christian doctrine.
Thursday, December 23, 2010
Mwaka mpya umeme bei juu
bei umeme kwa asilimia 18.5.
Kwa uamuzi huo ulitolewa jana na Mkurugenzi Mtendaji wa EWURA, Bw. Haruna Masebu, hapana shaka mwaka huo utaanza kwa bidhaa mbalimbali kupanda bei kutokana na gharama za uzalishaji kuwa juu kutokana na kupanda kwa kwa nishati hiyo.
Hata hivyo, kiwango hicho cha asilimia 18.5 kitakachoanza kutozwa Januari Mosi, mwakani ni karibu nusu ya ongezeko lililoombwa na TANESCO la asilimia 34.6.
Meneja Uhusiano wa Tanesco, Badra Masoud akizungumza na gazeti hili jana kuhusu hukumu hiyo, alisema shirika hilo limepata uamuzi huo na linaufanyia kazi kabla ya kutoa taarifa kwa Watanzania.
Salamu za Christmas kutoka kwa Frank Lema
"Kwa Mungu hakuna lisilowezekana"
Bwana Yesu Asifiwe!
Ninamshukuru na kumsifu Mungu "Kwa kuwa ni mwema, na kwa maana fadhili zake zadumu hata milele-Zaburi 106:1" kwa kutupa mimi na wewe zawadi hii ya kufika wakati huu wa mwaka na pia, kwa zawadi hii ya kufika wakati huu wa Christmas. Babu yangu mkubwa alifariki juzi tarehe 20 December,yaani siku 5 kabla ya Christmas, akiwa na miaka 96. Tunamshukuru Mungu kwa zawadi ya kuwa naye kwa miaka yote hiyo, lakini pia inatukumbusha wote kuwa ile tuu kwamba tunapata nafasi ya kuifikia Christmas, ni neema hiyo, kwa maana tumeona kuwa si wote waliopata nafasi hiyo.
Tunaposheherekea sikukuu za Christmas, napenda sana tusheherekee huku tukijifunza jambo ambalo Roho Mtakatifu ametupa kulifahamu wakati huu wa kukumbuka kuzaliwa kwake Yesu Kristo. Hivyo, karibu tujifunze kwa ufupi mambo muhimu yaliyoambatana na Christmas;
"Tunamhitaji Roho Mtakatifu kwa ajili ya mafanikio yetu"
Tutatafakari story ya Christmas kama ilivyoandikwa katika Luka 1:26-38.(click hapa kusoma) Katika maandiko hayo, tunasoma namna Malaika Gabriel alivyopeleka ujumbe wa kuzaliwa Yesu kwa bikira Mariamu, na kumweleza "Sikiliza, utapata mimba, nawe utazaa mtoto wa kiume; na utamwita jina lake Yesu. Mtoto huyo atakuwa mkuu na ataitwa Mwana wa Aliye Juu. Na Bwana Mungu atampa kiti cha enzi cha Mfalme Daudi, baba yake. Atatawala juu ya nyumba ya Yakobo daima; na ufalme wake hautakuwa na mwisho!'' Kama maneno hayo yalivyo wazi, huo ndio uliokuwa ujumbe wa Mungu kwa bikira Mariamu. Huu ulikuwa ni ujumbe mwema na wa kupendeza. Lakini Mariamu akauliza "Lakini, nitapataje mimba, na mimi ni bikira?" Na ninataka tujifunze kitu hapo. Ni kwanini bikira Mariamu aliuliza swali hilo? Ni kwasababu kwa kawaida yetu sisi wanadamu, tuna taratibu ambazo tumezikuta hapa duniani na tunaamini ni lazima hizo zifuatwe ili tupate jambo fulani jema, kama vile ambavyo Mariamu alijua kuwa haiwezekani kupata mtoto kama anavyoambiwa wakati bado hajaolewa ili akutane kimwili na mume wake, na kisha apate mtoto. Kwa maneno mengine, Marimu alitegemea kuwa angeambiwa maneno hayo ya kumzaa mtoto baada ya yeye kuolewa na Yusufu, hapo asingekuwa na haja ya kuuliza swali hilo. Kwa hiyo kilichosababisha lile swali la Marimu na taratibu ambazo tumezikuta katika ulimwengu huu, na ambazo tunadhani kuwa ni lazima zifuatwe ili Mungu aweze kutubariki. Sasa hebu tulitazame jibu la Malaika Gabrieli kwa Mariamu, Malaika alimjibu,Malaika akamjibu, ``Roho Mtakatifu atakujilia na nguvu za Mungu zitakufunika kama kivuli, na kwa hiyo mtoto atakayezaliwa atakuwa mtakatifu na ataitwa Mwana wa Mungu" Umeona maneno hayo? Malaika alimjibu na kumwambia Mariamu kuwa, kinachotakiwa ili maneno hayo yatimie siyo mwanaume, bali ni "Roho Mtakatifu kumjilia na nguvu za Mungu kumfunika kama kivuli" Umeyaelewa maneno hayo? Mungu akikwambia kuwa atakupeleka nchi fulani kusoma au kufanya kazi, hahitaji uwe na ndugu yako katika nchi hiyo ili akupokee na kukusaidia, unamhitaji Roho Mtakatifu na Nguvu za Mungu ili kukufanikisha katika hilo. Mungu akikwambia atakupa kazi katika shirika fulani la kimataifa, huhitaji kumfahamu bosi fulani ili jambo hilo litimie, unamhitaji Roho Mtakatifu na Nguvu za Mungu, Yeye ndiye atajua akusaidie vipi. Mungu akikwambia utafaulu masomo yako vizuri, unamhitaji Roho Mtakatifu na Nguvu za Mungu ili uweze kusoma kwa bidii na ufaulu....
Wakati huu wa Christmas, Neno hili likae moyoni mwako kwamba, unachokihitaji ili ahadi za Mungu zitimie kwako siyo taratibu za dunia hii, unamhitaji Roho Mtakatifu na Nguvu za Mungu kukufanikisha, hivyo, mwombe Mungu akujaze Roho wake na Nguvu zake.
"Baraka na Laana katika ulimi wako"
Watu wengi waliookoka ni wagumu sana kukiri mambo mema hata kwa ajili yao wenyewe. Mkute mtu amepata ajira na ameanza kufaya kazi, mwambie "hongera kwa kupata kazi, muda si mrefu utajenga nyumba" utamsikia anakujibu "Ahh, wapi bwana, kazi yenyewe ya kubangaiza tuu" Katika Christmas hii, napenda ufahamu kuwa maneno unayoongea yanaweza yakawa kama vile manukato au mavi. Maana yake, kila maneno unayozungumza, kuna roho zinafuatia hayo maneno. Ukizungumza maneno ya baraka kwako, Malaika wa Mungu wanayafuatia maneno hayo mema ili kuyafanya kwako. Unapotamka maneno ya kukudidimiza, maneno yasiyofaa, mapepo yanafuata maneno hayo na kukuzuilia mafanikio yako kama ulivyokiri, yaani, ni kama vile ambavyo inzi huwa wanafuata mavi mahali yalipo, ndivyo mapepo yafanyavyo.
Hebu tujifunze kwa Mariamu, yeye alisemaje Malaika alivyomwambia namna atakavyompata mtoto? Angalia " Mariamu akasema, ``Mimi ni mtumishi wa Bwana. Na iwe kwangu kama ulivyosema." Kisha malaika akaondoka. Umeona namna Mariamu alivyoipokea hiyo baraka upesi? Jifunze hapo, mtu akikwambia neno jema/la kukubariki, hata kama hajaokoka, wewe sema "Amen, namshukuru Mungu kwa kuwa itakuwa hivyo" sema hata kwa sauti ya kunong'oneza kama unaona aibu! kuliko kukaa kimya au kukataa baraka hiyo. Sawa?
Fanya mambo makubwa na wewe!
Katika wakati wa Christmas, kuna baadhi ya nyimbo ambazo hupendwa duniani mwote na zimejipatia umaarufu mkubwa. Wimbo mmojawapo ni "Joy to the World" na mwingine ni "Silent Night" na nyimbo hizi ni nzuri sana. Hebu fikiria, wimbo wa Joy to the World ulitungwa na ndugu mmoja aliyeitwa Isack Watts mwaka 1719, kwa hiyo leo wimbo huu una miaka 281,na bado unapendwa sana dunia nzima, (na pengine hata wewe unaupenda!), Silent Night ulitungwa na Father Joseph Mohr mwaka 1816 na uliimbwa mara ya kwanza December 24, 1818 kwa hiyo leo una miaka 192 na bado tunaupenda sana. Tazama namna watu hawa walivyoweza kwa nguvu za Mungu kutunga nyimbo hizi za Christmas ambazo zinapendwa hadi leo dunia nzima, na wewe dhamiria kwa msaada wa Mungu kufanya jambo ambalo litabaki likimtukuza Mungu hata baada ya wewe kuondoka katika ulimwengu huu. Kumbuka maneno ya Malaika "Kwa maana kwa Mungu hakuna lisilo wezekana.''Luka 1:37.
Roho Mtakatifu ajuaye kuyafafanua maneno ya Mungu kwa ufasaha wote akufundishe zaidi.
Unaposherehekea Christmas, maneno haya yawe moyoni mwako na uyazingatie kuyafanya, wafundishe na wengine pia. Christmas ni wakati wa kuwa karibu na pamoja kwa familia zote, jitahidi uwe karibu na familia yako.
"Baba katika Jina la Yesu, Asante sana kwa kunipa mimi neema ya kufikia kipindi hiki ninapoadhimisha kuzaliwa kwake Yesu Kristo. Asante kwa maneno haya ambayo umenifundisha ili niyazingatie wakati huu ninaposheherekea Christmas. Ninaomba uendelee kunifundisha niione Christmas kama unavyoiona Wewe. Ninaomba unipe Roho wako Mtakatifu na nguvu zako, na unifundishe mimi kukiri maneno ya baraka katika maisha yangu. Ninaomba wakati huu wa Christmas uwe ni wakati wa uzima kwangu, kwa rafiki zangu na kwa watumishi wako wote. Nimeomba haya nikiamini, kwa Jina la Yesu Kristo, aliye Bwana na Mwokozi wa maisha yangu, Amen"
Hizi ndizo salamu zangu za Christmas kwako, na, ndiyo kusema;
Merry Christmas and a Jubilee New 2011 Year!
The Kingdom News,
savedlema2 at yahoo dot com,
Tuesday, December 21, 2010
"The ownership of money and property comes as a result of doing things in a certain way. Those who do things in this certain way, whether on purpose or accidentally, get rich. Those who do not do things in this certain way, no matter how hard they work or how able they are, remain poor. It is a natural law that like causes always produce like effects. Therefore, any man or woman who learns to do things in this certain way will infallibly get rich."
- The Law of Perpetual Transmutation:
The best definition of Natural Law seems to be that, "it is the uniform and orderly method of the omnipotent God. Unlike any other form of animal life that has been created, we were given the power of choice or free will; along with this power came certain responsibilities. The capacity to choose does not involve freedom from the consequence of our choice. The laws or rules which govern every individual are as exact as the laws which govern the material universe. You can act in accordance with these laws or you can disregard them, but you cannot in any way alter them. The law forever operates and holds you to strict accountability, and there is not the slightest allowance made for ignorance. The law of attraction will deliver to you what you do not want as quickly and as certainly as it will deliver what you do want.